设为首页 加入收藏 登录旧版
徐州市不同类型颗粒物重污染过程特征及组分差异性分析
Characteristic and Component Differences of Heavy Pollution Process of Different Types of Particulate in Xuzhou City
投稿时间:2022-10-19  修订日期:2023-11-25
DOI:10.19316/j.issn.1002-6002.2024.02.13
中文关键词:  重污染  化学组分  相关性分析  后向轨迹
英文关键词:heavy pollution  chemical composition  correlation analysis  backward trajectory
基金项目:徐州市重点研发计划项目(社会发展KC20057)
作者单位
殷献茹 中国共产党徐州市委员会党校, 江苏 徐州 221000 
苗欣慧 江苏省徐州环境监测中心, 江苏 徐州 221000 
李辉 江苏省徐州环境监测中心, 江苏 徐州 221000 
孙瑞 江苏省徐州环境监测中心, 江苏 徐州 221000 
邓国庆 江苏省徐州环境监测中心, 江苏 徐州 221000 
饶永才 江苏省徐州环境监测中心, 江苏 徐州 221000 
陈传忠* 中国环境监测总站, 国家环境保护环境监测质量控制重点实验室, 北京 100012 
王景 无锡中科光电技术有限公司, 江苏 无锡 214000 
通讯作者:陈传忠*  中国环境监测总站, 国家环境保护环境监测质量控制重点实验室, 北京 100012  
摘要点击次数: 789
全文下载次数: 171
中文摘要:
      经过多年的大气污染防治,我国空气质量有了大幅改善,但重污染过程仍有发生。对2018—2021年徐州市3种不同类型颗粒物重污染过程的污染特征、演变趋势、PM2.5组分特征和相关性及污染成因分析结果表明:在不同类型的重污染过程中,二次无机离子NO3-、SO42-、NH4+在PM2.5中的占比均是最高。在累积型重污染期间,NO3-、SO42-、NH4+分别增长144%、142%、183%,二次无机离子对PM2.5的增长贡献较大。结合相关性分析及SOR、NOR值发现,硝酸盐和硫酸盐的二次生成作用显著。在沙尘型重污染期间,结合雷达监测结果及后向轨迹图可以看出,沙尘沉降至高空与近地面污染物叠加造成颗粒物高值。化学组分中Ca2+、Mg2+浓度对PM2.5浓度的影响最大,二次生成和转化对其影响较小。在烟花燃放型重污染期间,和烟花爆竹有关的K+、Mg2+、Cl-离子较污染前分别上升1 112%、2 058%、和239%,对污染过程影响显著。
英文摘要:
      After years of air pollution prevention and control,China's air quality had been greatly improved,but heavy pollution process still occurs. The process of heavy pollution of three different types of particulate matter in Xuzhou from 2018 to 2021 was analyzed from pollution characteristics,evolution trend,characteristics and correlation of PM2.5 components and pollution causes. The results showed that,in the process of different types of heavy pollution,the proportion of secondary inorganic ions NO3-,SO42-, NH4+ in PM2.5 was still the highest. During the cumulative heavy pollution period,NO3-,SO42-,NH4+ increased by 144%,142% and 183% respectively,and secondary inorganic ions contributed greatly to the growth of PM2.5. Combining correlation analysis and SOR and NOR values,it was found that the secondary generation of nitrate and sulfate was significant. During the period of heavy dust pollution,based on the radar monitoring results and the backward trajectory map,it could be seen that the sedimentation of sand and dust at high altitude and the superposition of pollutants near the ground caused high values of particulate matte. The concentration of Ca2+ and Mg2+ in chemical components had the greatest impact on the concentration of PM2.5,and the secondary generation and transformation had little impact on it. During the heavy pollution period of fireworks discharge,the K+,Mg2+ and Cl- ions which have a greater relationship with fireworks increased by 1 112%,2 058% and 239% respectively compared with those before the pollution,which had a significant increase in the influence on the pollution process.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器