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宜都市PM2.5与O3季节性分布特征及潜在源区分析
Distribution Characteristics and Potential Source Areas of PM2.5 and O3 in Different Seasons in Yidu City
投稿时间:2022-09-08  修订日期:2023-11-15
DOI:10.19316/j.issn.1002-6002.2024.02.10
中文关键词:  宜都市  PM2.5  O3  气象因子  污染特征  后向轨迹  潜在源分析
英文关键词:Yidu City  PM2.5  O3  meteorological factors  pollution characterization  backward trajectories  potential source analysis
基金项目:中国工程院咨询项目“‘互联网+’行动计划战略研究(2035)”(2018-ZD-02)
作者单位
张嘉迪 中科宇图科技股份有限公司, 北京 100101 
王东旭 中科宇图科技股份有限公司, 北京 100101 
王振楠* 中科宇图科技股份有限公司, 北京 100101 
朱汉民 中科宇图科技股份有限公司, 北京 100101 
苏春华 宜昌市生态环境局宜都市分局, 湖北 宜都 443300 
周磊 宜昌市生态环境局宜都市分局, 湖北 宜都 443300 
杨喜成 宜昌市生态环境局宜都市分局, 湖北 宜都 443300 
通讯作者:王振楠*  中科宇图科技股份有限公司, 北京 100101  
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中文摘要:
      为了解宜都市PM2.5与O3的污染特征及潜在来源,利用宜都市2020年3月至2022年2月在线监测数据及气象数据,对宜都市PM2.5与O3质量浓度变化特征、气象影响因素及潜在源区进行了分析,结果表明:宜都市PM2.5质量浓度冬高夏低,日变化呈双峰特征,O3质量浓度夏高冬低,日变化呈单峰特征。高湿、静稳的气象条件以及较强偏北风作用下的区域污染传输对PM2.5污染有重要影响,高温以及中湿度对O3污染过程有重要作用。春、夏、秋季偏南方向气流轨迹占主导,且携带较高的污染物浓度,冬季来自湖北东北及西南方向的气流占比较高且携带的PM2.5浓度较高;宜都市PM2.5、O3的潜在源区具有季节性差异,总体来看,主要分布在河南南部、湖北东部及湖南的北部区域。
英文摘要:
      To study the pollution characteristics and potential sources of PM2.5 and O3 in Yidu City in different seasons,using the online monitoring data and meteorological data of Yidu City from March 2020 to February 2022, the seasonal variation characteristics,meteorological influencing factors and potential pollution sources of PM2.5 and O3 mass concentrations in Yidu City were analyzed. The results showed that the diurnal variation of PM2.5 mass concentration in Yidu City showed a bimodal characteristic,and the seasonal variation of concentration was high in winter and low in summer. The diurnal variation of O3 mass concentration showed a unimodal characteristic, and the seasonal variation of concentration was opposite to that of PM2.5. The meteorological conditions of high humidity, static stability and regional pollution transmission of strong northerly wind had important effects on PM2.5 pollution, while high temperature and moderate humidity had important effects on ozone pollution process. Southerly air flow in spring,summer and autumn was dominant and carried higher pollutant concentration. In winter,air flow from northeast and southwest of Hubei province took a higher proportion and carried higher PM2.5 concentration. The potential source areas of PM 2. 5 and O3 in Yidu city had seasonal differences. Generally speaking,they were mainly distributed in southern Henan Province,eastern Hubei Province and northern Hunan Province.
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