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由石油类应急监测现状探寻水中石油类监测的突破
Exploring the Breakthrough of Petroleum Monitoring in Water Based on the Current Situation of Emergency Monitoring for Petroleum
投稿时间:2022-08-09  修订日期:2023-02-23
DOI:10.19316/j.issn.1002-6002.2024.01.02
中文关键词:  石油类  水体  突发环境事件  环境应急监测  标准体系
英文关键词:petroleum  water  unexpected environmental events  environmental emergency monitoring  standard system
基金项目:
作者单位
史绵红 安徽省生态环境监测中心, 安徽 合肥 230071 
胡雅琴 安徽省生态环境监测中心, 安徽 合肥 230071 
王鑫 安徽省生态环境监测中心, 安徽 合肥 230071 
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中文摘要:
      突发环境事件发生后,对污染物质、污染物浓度、污染范围及其动态变化情况进行监测是环境应急监测的基本工作要求。在不能利用管理手段有效获取污染来源等信息的情况下,开展溯源应急监测成为突发环境事件处理处置的重要需求。然而通过资料调研及应急监测案例分析发现,石油类水体突发环境事件应急监测大多存在采样代表性不够、溯源手段不健全、特征污染物监测不全面,以及现行石油类监测方法不能完整说清污染状况等问题或不足。因此,建议通过优化整合水中石油类指标监测标准,构建与石油类污染特征相适应的技术规范及配套监测分析方法,以达到精准、全面反映石油类水体污染状况的目的。
英文摘要:
      After the occurrence of unexpected environmental events,monitoring the pollutants,pollutant concentration,pollution range and their dynamic changes is the basic work of environmental emergency monitoring.In the case that it is not possible to use management means to effectively obtain pollution sources and other information,traceability emergency monitoring is also an important requirement for the treatment and disposal of unexpected environmental events.However,through data investigation and analysis of emergency monitoring cases,it is found that most of the emergency monitoring of unexpected petroleum water pollution events have problems or deficiencies,such as insufficient representativeness of sampling,imperfect traceability means,incomplete monitoring and screening of characteristic pollutants,and limitations of the existing effective monitoring methods for petroleum,which cannot completely explain the pollution status.Therefore,it is suggested to optimize and integrate the monitoring standard system of petroleum pollution index in water,build technical specifications and supporting monitoring and analysis methods that are suitable for the characteristics of petroleum pollution,so as to achieve the purpose of accurately and comprehensively reflecting the petroleum pollution status of water.
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