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红枫湖水质变化趋势及环境保护政策综合分析
Comprehensive Analysis of Water Quality Change and Environmental Protection Policy of the Hongfeng Lake
投稿时间:2021-02-19  修订日期:2021-05-27
DOI:10.19316/j.issn.1002-6002.2021.03.07
中文关键词:  红枫湖  对策  水质变化  环境质量
英文关键词:the Hongfeng Lake  countermeasures  water quality change  environmental quality
基金项目:贵州省重点学科建设计划任务-贵州理工学院地质资源与地质工程学科建设项目(ZDXK[2018]001);国家自然科学基金资助项目(42077184)
作者单位
江成鑫 贵州理工学院, 资源与环境工程学院, 贵州 贵阳 550003 
江川 贵州省环境监测中心站, 贵州 贵阳 550002 
霍晓芹* 中国环境监测总站, 国家环境保护环境监测质量控制重点实验室, 北京 100012 
通讯作者:霍晓芹*  中国环境监测总站, 国家环境保护环境监测质量控制重点实验室, 北京 100012  
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中文摘要:
      红枫湖是贵阳市重要的饮用水源地,由于城市化发展及诸多原因,自20世纪90年代以来水质受到一定程度污染。1995年省委、省政府立法保护红枫湖,并成立"两湖"领导小组,对红枫湖流域进行综合整治,使其水质得到不断改善。至2019年,红枫湖水体环境质量已经达到治理预期目标,各个监测点位水质从局部劣Ⅴ类改善至整体Ⅱ类。笔者回顾了20世纪90年代以来红枫湖的水质变化趋势,并对引发水质变化的原因、历年政策及措施的执行情况以及存在的问题进行了综合分析。针对红枫湖的生态保护提出治理对策建议。
英文摘要:
      The Hongfeng Lake is an important drinking water source in Guiyang.Due to the development of urbanization and a variety of reasons,the water quality has been polluted to a certain extent since the 1990s.In 1995,the provincial party committee and provincial government legislated to protect the Hongfeng Lake,and set up a "two lakes" leading group to comprehensively renovate the Hongfeng Lake basin,the water quality has been continuously improved.By 2019,the environmental quality of the Hongfeng Lake water body has reached the expected goal of treatment,and the water quality of each monitoring point has been improved from local inferior class V to the overall class II.This paper reviews the trend of water quality change in the Hongfeng Lake since 1990s,and makes a comprehensive analysis of the causes of water quality change,the implementation of policies and measures over the years and the existing problems.In view of the ecological protection of the Hongfeng Lake,the countermeasures and suggestions are put forward.
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