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传感器技术在环境空气监测与污染治理中的应用现状、问题与展望
Application of Sensor Technology in Environmental Air Monitoring and Pollution Control:Status, Problems and Prospects
投稿时间:2018-07-06  修订日期:2019-03-05
DOI:10.19316/j.issn.1002-6002.2019.04.20
中文关键词:  空气质量监测  传感器  研发进展  问题与挑战
英文关键词:air quality monitoring  sensors  research progress  problems and challenges
基金项目:
作者单位
秦孝良 中国环境科学研究院,北京100012 
高健 中国环境科学研究院,北京100012 
王永敏 天津环境科学研究院,天津300191 
宋英石 中国环境科学研究院,北京100012 
徐义生 中国环境科学研究院,北京100012 
陈少华 中国环境科学研究院,北京100012 
沈茜 中国环境科学研究院,北京100012 
柴发合 中国环境科学研究院,北京100012 
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中文摘要:
      大气环境污染物监测是建立污染源与环境污染关系的重要技术途径,也是大气综合治理决策所需数据的主要来源。近年来,空气质量精细化管理和污染源精准控制的需求逐渐增长,对监测技术提出了更高的要求。传感器技术作为空气质量监测标准方法的补充,是实现城市空气质量高时空分辨率测量的新手段。研究从传感器的原理及分类入手,通过综述其在环境空气质量监测、污染源监控管理、个人暴露风险评估等领域的应用,总结了传感器技术的研发进展、应用现状和存在问题,并提出其发展方向和前景。
英文摘要:
      Air pollution monitoring is an important way to establish the relationship between pollution sources and ambient air quality. In addition, it is the major data source for supporting the decision-making of air quality management. In recent years, to meet the need of precise control of pollution sources, new techniques have been developed and applied in air pollution monitoring with higher efficiency and low cost. Sensor technology is a new method to achieve higher spatial and temporal resolution measurement of urban air quality, which is also a good supplement to the standard methods. In this study, based on the review of the research progress, application status and existing problems of sensor, its application in air quality monitoring, source apportionment of pollutants and personal exposure risk assessment were summarized. The development direction and prospect of sensor technology were also addressed.
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