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基于PSO-PPE模型的黑龙江省水资源生态安全探析
Analysis on the Ecological Security of Heilongjiang Province Water Resources Based on PSO-PPE Model
投稿时间:2018-07-05  修订日期:2018-11-19
DOI:10.19316/j.issn.1002-6002.2019.04.13
中文关键词:  粒子群  投影寻踪  水资源生态安全  水资源污染指数
英文关键词:particle swarm  projection tracking  ecological security of water resources  water pollution index
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51609039);中国博士后科学基金(2016M601410);黑龙江省自然科学基金资助项目(E2017006);黑龙江省博士后科学基金(LBH-Z16025);黑龙江省哲学社会科学基金(18TJB098)
作者单位
许东阳 东北农业大学工程学院,黑龙江哈尔滨150030 
任永泰 东北农业大学理学院,黑龙江哈尔滨150030 
王如意 东北农业大学工程学院,黑龙江哈尔滨150030 
成琨 东北农业大学理学院,黑龙江哈尔滨150030 
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中文摘要:
      针对黑龙江省水资源生态环境现状,构建以水资源、社会经济、生态环境为子系统的水资源生态安全评价指标体系。运用粒子群算法(PSO)优化投影寻踪评价模型(PPE),对黑龙江省水资源生态安全进行研究。结果表明,该地区2003—2016年水资源生态安全整体呈现上升趋势。水资源污染指数和工业万元产值耗水量等指标状态的极大改善,使得2009、2013年水资源生态安全程度分别较前一年增加67.16%和98.76%。2003—2016年水资源、生态环境系统发展波动较大,前者略有降低,后者上升,社会经济系统(权重为0.426 5)发展最为迅速且对水资源生态安全影响最显著。对水资源生态安全影响最显著的指标有人均湿地面积、农业万元产值耗水量、水资源污染指数、工业用水比例、工业万元产值耗水量。该评价结果可为当地政府及环保部门制定政策提供理论参考。
英文摘要:
      According to the current situation of water resources ecological environment in Heilongjiang Province, a water resources ecological security evaluation index system based on water resources, social economy and ecological environment was constructed. The particle swarm optimization algorithm is used to optimize the projection pursuit evaluation model, which is adopted to study the ecological security of Heilongjiang Province water resources. The results show that the overall ecological security of water resources in the region is on the rise from 2003 to 2016. In 2009 and 2013, the ecological security level of water resources increased by 67.16% and 98.76% compared with the previous year, respectively. Mainly due to the water pollution index, the industrial water consumption per 10 thousand RMB output and other indicators were greatly improved. During 2003-2016, the fluctuation of water resources and ecological environment subsystem development is bigger, the former is slightly lower, the latter rise, development of social economy subsystem (0.4265) is the most quickly and has the most significant impact on the water resources ecological security. The most significant indicators influencing the ecological security of water resources are:per capita wetland area, the agricultural water consumption per 10 thousand RMB output, water pollution index, industrial water consumption ratio, and the industrial water consumption per 10 thousand RMB output. The evaluation results can provide theoretical basis for local government and environmental protection departments to formulate policies.
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