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环境空气中异味物质的监测、评价与溯源
The Odor Monitoring,Evaluation and Traceability for the Ambient Air
投稿时间:2019-06-03  修订日期:2019-06-27
DOI:10.19316/j.issn.1002-6002.2019.04.02
中文关键词:  环境空气  异味  监测  评价  溯源
英文关键词:ambient air  odor  monitoring  evaluation  source identification
基金项目:江苏省环保科研课题(2015024)
作者单位
胡冠九 国家环境保护地表水环境有机污染物监测分析重点实验室,江苏省环境监测中心,江苏南京210019
江苏省太湖水质监测中心站,江苏南京210019 
高占啟 国家环境保护地表水环境有机污染物监测分析重点实验室,江苏省环境监测中心,江苏南京210019 
张涛 国家环境保护地表水环境有机污染物监测分析重点实验室,江苏省环境监测中心,江苏南京210019 
王荟 国家环境保护地表水环境有机污染物监测分析重点实验室,江苏省环境监测中心,江苏南京210019 
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中文摘要:
      针对环境空气中异味物质及其特点,从嗅辨法和成分浓度分析法2个方面,介绍了异味物质的监测方法,并比较了各方法的适用性。从臭气浓度、强度、恶臭厌恶度、相对气味活度值以及模型预测等方面,描述了异味物质特有的评价方法;从对照标准限值、臭氧生成潜势以及健康风险评价等方面,描述了异味物质普适性评价方法。指出可通过实地调查与监测、污染谱图和源解析模型等方法识别异味物质的来源。提出了环境空气异味的监测调查建议,包括采用多种技术、提高异味物质的快速初辨能力以及监测水平,研制更多的方法标准和控制标准、科学监管异味污染物等。
英文摘要:
      Based on the odor compounds in the ambient air and their characteristics, both the olfactometry and component analysis methods for odors monitoring were summarized, and the method adaptability was compared. The specific odor evaluation methods, including odor concentration, odor intensity, aversion degree, relative odor activity value and model prediction, were introduced, while the common odor evaluation methods were also described in terms of comparing with the standard limit, ozone formation potential and health risk evaluation. The odor source could be identified by the method of field investigation or monitoring, pollution spectrogram, and source apportionment model. Thus the suggestions for odor investigation and monitoring for the ambient air were proposed, for example, improving the ability of quick identification and monitoring using various methods; establishing more standards to control odor pollutants.
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