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环境监测技术服务社会化的政策文本研究
Analysis of the Policy Texts for Environmental Monitoring Service Socialization
投稿时间:2016-11-11  修订日期:2017-01-08
DOI:10.19316/j.issn.1002-6002.2018.02.10
中文关键词:  环境监测  社会化  政策文本
英文关键词:environmental monitoring  socialization  policy text
基金项目:国家社科基金重大项目"我国再生资源产业顶层设计与发展实现路径研究"(12&ZD209);中央高校基本科研业务费重大项目"公共建筑碳排放权交易原理与制度研究"(CDJKXB14002);重庆市研究生科研创新项目"环境风险视域下邻避冲突的法律规制研究"(CYB16051)
作者单位
鄢德奎 重庆大学法学院, 重庆 400045
重庆大学西部环境资源法制建设研究中心, 重庆 400045 
陈德敏 重庆大学法学院, 重庆 400045
重庆大学西部环境资源法制建设研究中心, 重庆 400045 
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中文摘要:
      以部分省(市)颁布的29份环境监测技术服务社会化政策为研究样本,将市场准入、监测领域、运行管理和监督制裁作为政策文本的分析框架进行计量分析。部分省(市)相关规定具有一定的创新性,使以往混乱的社会环境监测技术服务市场进一步规范化;但多数省(市)的环境监测技术服务社会化政策存在市场准入条件苛刻、监测领域有待放开、运行管理模式僵化、监督制裁手段单一等难题。最后提出放宽市场准入条件、有序开放监测领域、构建多元管理模式、完善监督制裁体系等4项建议对上述难题予以回应。
英文摘要:
      Using 29 environmental monitoring service socialization policies issued by some cities and provinces as samples, this paper did a policy text quantitative analysis taking market access, monitoring domain, operation management, supervision and sanction as an analytical framework. According to the research, rules and regulations of these cities and provinces are quite innovative, and further regulate the social environmental monitoring service market that had once been disordered. However, environmental service monitoring service socialization policies of most cities still have a series of problems, including severe market access conditions, the yet-to-be-opened monitoring domain, rigid operation management system and undiversified means of supervision and sanction. Lastly, it was proposed that possible measures should be taken to address the above mentioned problems:liberalizing market access conditions, opening monitoring domain gradually, building a diversified management system and optimizing the supervision and sanction system.
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